In the [amazon_link id=”1591582601″ target=”_blank” ]English folktale[/amazon_link], [amazon_link id=”0763621242″ target=”_blank” ]Jack and the Beanstalk[/amazon_link], the giant living at the top of the beanstalk says, “Fee-fi-fo-fum!” When Jack sees the huge beanstalk that grew in his backyard, he immediately decides to climb it. He arrives in a land high up in the clouds that just happens to be the home of a giant. When Jack breaks into the giant’s castle, the giant quickly senses that a human being is near saying, “Fee-fi-fo-fum! I smell the blood of an Englishman.” The [amazon_link id=”0199601089″ target=”_blank” ]Oxford English Dictionary[/amazon_link] defines “fie” as a word “used to express disgust or outrage.” “Fum” is derived from “fume” meaning to “feel great anger.”
Shakespeare uses many “oaths” and exclamations throughout his work. In Shakespeare’s [amazon_link id=”0743484959″ target=”_blank” ]King Lear[/amazon_link], the character of King Lear cries, “Fie, fie, fie; pah, pah!” (Scene 20, line 124).* This line is quoted from [amazon_link id=”0521765226″ target=”_blank” ]The Quarto Text[/amazon_link] (1608,) which is generally accepted as what Shakespeare originally wrote, versus the [amazon_link id=”0521044316″ target=”_blank” ]1623 Folio[/amazon_link] version generally accepted as he substantially revised it (Wells 909). The Quarto Text is a one-act play in 24 scenes. This same line is found in Act 4, Scene 5 in the Folio.
*[amazon_link id=”0199267170″ target=”_blank” ]The Oxford Shakespeare: The Complete Works, 2nd Edition[/amazon_link] edited by John Jowett, William Montgomery, Gary Taylor, and Stanley Wells © Oxford University Press 1986, 2005.
Attention Students: to cite this web article in the current MLA-style, please use the example below.
Dixon, Catherine Jo. “Shakespeare, Jack, and the Beanstalk .” Feast Of Languages. Catherine Jo Dixon, 30 September 2011. Web. [today’s date].
Note: The citation entry on the “Works Cited” or “Bibliography” page must have a “hanging indent.” The second line should be indented 5 spaces.
1. Name of Author. (Last Name, First Name.)
2. “Title of Work.”
3. Title of the Web Site (italicized)
4. Publisher of the web site,
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6. Medium of Publication (in this case, the Web).
7. Date of access in “day, month, year” format.
English literature students most commonly use the Modern Language Association’s (MLA) style to write their papers. This citation reflects the [amazon_link id=”1603290249″ target=”_blank” ]MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition[/amazon_link] and/or the [amazon_link id=”0873522974″ target=”_blank” ]MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition[/amazon_link]. For additional information, I recommend a free online writing lab from Purdue University: “The Purdue OWL” https://owl.english.purdue.edu/ which has current, credible information and reliable examples.SHARE